You can’t miss out on the famous jigarthanda. Numismatic, archaeological and literary sources corroborate that the Sangam period lasted for about eight centuries, from 500 BCE to 300 CE. Coimbatore is also referred to as "the Pump City" as it supplies two-thirds of India's requirements of motors and pumps. The eastern parts are fertile coastal plains and the northern parts are a mix of hills and plains. The Pandyan capital Madurai was in the deep south away from the coast. The British and French were competing to expand the trade in the northern parts of Tamil Nadu which also witnessed many battles like Battle of Wandiwash as part of the Seven Years' War. Major national and global IT companies such as Atos Syntel, Infosys, Wipro, HCL Technologies, Tata Consultancy Services, Verizon, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, Amazon.com, Capgemini, CGI, PayPal, IBM, NTT DATA, Accenture, Ramco Systems, Robert Bosch GmbH, DXC Technology, Cognizant, Tech Mahindra, Virtusa, LTI, Mphasis, Mindtree, Zoho, and many others have offices in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu (Tamil: [ˈtamiɻ ˈnaːɽɯ] (listen)) is one of the 28 states of India. She is an Indian P.. Pravin Mani was born in Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka. Rajaraja Chola conquered all of peninsular South India and parts of Sri Lanka. Tamil Nadu (Tamil: [ˈtamiɻ ˈnaːɽɯ] (listen)) is one of the 28 states of India.Its capital and largest city is Chennai.Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Senna leaves (controls constipation, Irritable bowel syndrome) 6. [167], Tamil Nadu is one of the highly industrialised states in India. [190] BSNL provides 2G & 3G mobile internet connections and all other three operators provide 2G, 3G & 4G Mobile broadband connections across Tamil Nadu. All Products – TamilNadu Showing 1–20 of 124 results Nellai Palm Jaggery Ghee Mysorepak – ந ல ல கர ப பட ட ந ய ம ச ர ப க Buy Now 193.00 Earliest shipping in: 1 Day Native of: Tamil Nadu … Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,058 km2 (50,216 sq mi), and is the tenth-largest state in India. The government of Tamil Nadu created a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for implementing the Chennai Metro Rail Project. Tamil Nadu is the tenth largest Indian state by area and the sixth largest by population. Indian Angiosperm diversity comprises 17,672 species with Tamil Nadu leading all states in the country, with 5640 species accounting for 1/3 of the total flora of India. Districts are further divided into 226 Taluks administrated by Tahsildars comprising 1127 Revenue blocks administrated by Revenue Inspector (RI). The top engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu have been a major recruiting hub for the IT firms. Top Trending Faraaz Khan actor died at 46 on 04-11-2020 Amrits Rani Velu Nachiyar, was the first woman freedom fighter of India and Queen of Sivagangai. [137] Tamil television serials form a major prime time source of entertainment and are directed usually by one director unlike American television series, where often several directors and writers work together. The club is also a popular venue for major golf tournaments held in India. The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Chennai is a multi-purpose stadium hosting football and track and field events. Chennai, the capital city of Tamil Nadu, attracts many visitors either as tourists or as part of its large workforce. Apart from the major festivals, in every village and town of Tamil Nadu, the inhabitants celebrate festivals for the local gods once a year and the time varies from place to place. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Brihadishwara Temple in Thanjavur, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple in Darasuram (Great Chola Temples) and the Shore Temple along with the collection of other monuments in Mamallapuram which have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[221][222]. There are 2,614 Hand Processing Units (25 per cent of total units in the country) and 985 Power Processing Units (40 per cent of total units in the country) in Tamil Nadu. The question is: Who made them? Tamil Nadu has a wide range of biomes extending east from the South Western Ghats montane rain forests in the Western Ghats through the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests and Deccan thorn scrub forests to tropical dry broadleaf forests and then to the beaches, estuaries, salt marshes, mangroves, seagrasses and coral reefs of the Bay of Bengal. A District has also one or more Revenue Divisions (in total 76) administrated by Revenue Divisional Officer (RDO), constituted by many Revenue Blocks. The state has 17,000 hectares of land under oil palm cultivation, the second highest in India. He .. V. Sethuraman was born on 13-09-1985 in Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It has the largest number of International Airports along with Kerala. Such a phenomenon is unheard of.’ The state has a range of flora and fauna with many species and habitats. [110] Sangam literature is primarily secular, dealing with everyday themes in a Tamilakam context. During the 13th century, Marco Polo mentioned the Pandyas as the richest empire in existence. Tamil Nadu is one of the most literate states in India. MRTS which covers from Chennai Beach to Velachery, and metro rails also running from Washermenpet to Airport metro station and Central metro station to St.Thomas Mount metro station. Tamil Nadu Food Recipes, Tamil Dishes We have a collection of different types of Tamil Nadu Food recipes. [138], Thoothukudi is the place of origin of the Thoothukudi macaroon, Tirunelveli is known for its wheat Halva, Salem is renowned for its unique mangoes, Madurai is the place of origin of the milk dessert Jigarthanda while Palani is known for its Panchamirtham. On behalf of the Sangam, the GI application was filed by P. Sanjai Gandhi, IPR Attorney and nodal officer for Geographical Indication Registration of products, Government of Tamil Nadu… [147] Chennai Port is an artificial harbour situated on the Coromandel Coast and is the second principal port in the country for handling containers. Coffee and tea are the staple drinks. Aadi Perukku is celebrated on the 18th day of the Tamil month Aadi, which celebrates the rising of the water level in the river Kaveri. [204] The traditional sports of Tamil Nadu include Silambam,[205] a Tamil martial arts played with a long bamboo staff, cockfight, Jallikattu,[206] a bull taming sport famous on festival occasions, ox-wagon racing known as Rekkala,[207][205] kite flying also known as Pattam viduthal,[206] Goli, the game with marbles,[206] Aadu Puli, the "goat and tiger" game[206] and Kabaddi also known as Sadugudu. In 1762, a tripartite treaty was signed between Thanjavur Maratha, Carnatic, and the British by which Thanjavur became a vassal of the Nawab of the Carnatic which eventually ceded to the British. The volume of cargo in the ports grew by 13 per cent during 2005. The state has two distinct periods of rainfall: The annual rainfall of the state is about 945 mm (37.2 in) of which 48 per cent is through the northeast monsoon, and 32 per cent through the southwest monsoon. [141] It ranks third in foreign direct investment (FDI) approvals (cumulative 1991–2002) of ₹225.826 billion ($5,000 million), next only to Maharashtra and Delhi constituting 9.12 per cent of the total FDI in the country. According to the 2011 Census, Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India (49 per cent), accounting for 9.6 per cent of the urban population while only comprising 6 per cent of India's total population. In 2011 the Madras High Court Bench ordered the cockfight at Santhapadi and Modakoor Melbegam villages permitted during the Pongal festival while disposing of a petition filed attempting to ban the cockfight. Mahamagam a bathing festival at Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu is celebrated once in 12 years. [53] Pamban Island and a group of smaller limestone shoals make up the northern portion of Adam's Bridge, which was formerly a natural bridge linking India with Sri Lanka. The state has registered the lowest fertility rate in India in the year 2005–06 with 1.7 children born for each woman, lower than required for population sustainability. Around 1609, the Dutch established a settlement in Pulicat,[38] while the Danes had their establishment in Tharangambadi also known as Tranquebar. The Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant, Ennore Thermal Plant, Neyveli Lignite Power Plant, many hydroelectric plants including Mettur Dam, hundreds of windmills and the Narimanam Natural Gas Plants are major sources of Tamil Nadu's electricity. In 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu, meaning "Tamil country".[52]. [180][181] The state is also a terminus for the Golden Quadrilateral project, that connects Indian metropolises like (New Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai and Kolkata). Vasudevan Baskaran was the captain of the Indian team that won the gold medal in the 1980 Olympics in Moscow. [199] From a power surplus state in 2005–06, Tamil Nadu has become a state facing severe power shortage over the recent years due to lack of new power generation projects and delay in commercial power generation at Kudankulam Atomic Power Project. Aditya I and his son Parantaka I expanded the kingdom to the northern parts of Tamil Nadu by defeating the last Pallava king, Aparajitavarman. She was an Ind.. Ravi Zacharias was born on 26-03-1946 in Madras (now Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu), India. Tamil Nadu is the land of Tamils. Vast numbers of bryophytes, lichen, fungi, algae, and bacteria are among the wild plant diversity of Tamil Nadu. Nirupama Vaidyanathan, the first Indian women to play in a grand slam tournament also hails from the state. The region has a rich cuisine involving both traditional vegetarian, as well as non-vegetarian dishes. Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. Here is a brief list of products that you can choose from: Sarees, Textile & Dress Materials – The famous Kanchipuram silk sarees are weaved and sourced to sell from the Kanchipuram region of Tamil Nadu. The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve established in 1986 is a marine ecosystem with seaweed seagrass communities, coral reefs, salt marshes, and mangrove forests. Ramachandran Central Railway Station, Madurai Junction, Katpadi Junction, Chennai Egmore, Salem Junction, Tiruchirappalli Junction, Coimbatore Junction are upgraded to A1 grade level. The present government is headed by Edappadi K. Palaniswami, after the demise of former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, J. Jayalalithaa of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve located in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills comprises part of adjoining states of Kerala and Karnataka. [131], There are more than 30 television channels of various genres in Tamil. She is an Indi.. Vishagan Vanangamudi was born on 04-09-1983 in Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ", "Top 5 Indian States Exporting Leather Products to Other Countries", "Why Chennai turned into 'Detroit of India, "Coimbatore: IT sector on the fast track : NATION – India Today", https://www.crayondata.com/blog/heres-why-chennai-is-the-saas-capital-of-india/, https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/a-silent-saas-revolution-is-brewing-in-chennai/articleshow/67583586.cms, https://medium.com/@prabinsamuel/saasboomi-shocking-secret-why-chennai-is-the-saas-capital-of-india-50f251b3a7f1, https://www.deccanchronicle.com/nation/politics/111018/chennai-is-saas-capital-of-india-edappadi-k-palaniswami.html, "National Highways Summary – Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India", "Join the Citizen Dialogue on Highway Safety – Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India", "Groundwork at Neyveli airport done, interested airlines send in bids for opening | Chennai News - Times of India", "Why Thoothukudi was chosen as ISRO's second spaceport", "Airtel 4G - Prepaid | Postpaid | Broadband | Payments Bank| DTH", "Vodafone India - Prepaid | Postpaid | International Roaming | Buy New Connection", "Airtel Broadband Chennai- Ph:9840022123 -New V Fiber Plans", "Best Broadband and Wired Internet Service Provider in India", "Best Broadband Provider - Broadband Plans - Hathway High Speed Internet", "Tamil Nadu all set for Rs 1,500 crore mega optic fibre network", "Adani plans 1,000MW solar power plant at Ramanathapuram | Chennai News – Times of India", "India unveils the world's largest solar power plant", TN Sports and Youth Welfare department 1992, Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu 2012, "Chennai City to stay at Kovai for next 5 years", "Tamil Nadu ranks third in FDI, favoured destination", "Chennai is the most densely populated city in Tamil Nadu, according to census 2011", "Skeletons dating back 3,800 years throw light on evolution", "The Hindu: National: Skeletons, script found at ancient burial site in Tamil Nadu", "The Hindu: National: 'Rudimentary Tamil-Brahmi script' unearthed at Adichanallur", "India's Jurassic nest dug up in Tamil Nadu", "Tamil Nadu India's most literate state: HRD ministry", "Top three States – a socio-economic comparison", "Oscars: Eight on ten for 'Slumdog Millionaire, "A R Rahman wins best original score Oscar", "Bihar is country's fastest growing state at 13.1%", "Contrary to Modi's projections, Gujarat's growth story is riddled with contradictions – The Economic Times", "Flextronics signs pact for Chennai facility", "TN makes its way to top 5 states in HDI", "Tamil Nadu the most urbanised State: Minister", "Education is the means of social mobility – Rediff India Abroad", "State Domestic Product and other aggregates, 2004–05 series", "Gross State Domestic Product at Constant 2004–05 Prices (in Rs. Tamil Nadu is the seventh most populous state in India. [173] Coimbatore is the second largest software producer in the state, next to Chennai.[174]. Poverty in the state dropped from 51.7 per cent in 1983 to 21.1 per cent in 2001[87] For the period 2004–2005, the Trend in Incidence of Poverty in the state was 22.5 per cent compared with the national figure of 27.5 per cent. [30], Kallanai or Grand Anicut, an ancient dam built on the Kaveri River in Thanjavur district by Karikala Chola around the 2nd century CE[31][32][33][34], Shore Temple built by the Pallavas at Mamallapuram during the 8th century, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Each popular place in Tamil Nadu is unique in its own way. Tamil cuisine : Tamil Nadu is famous for its hospitality and its deep belief that serving food to others is a service to humanity, as is common in many regions of India. There are 29 national highways in the state, covering a total distance of 5,006.14 km (3,110.67 mi). She is an.. MDH Owner Mahashay Dharampal Gulati died at 97 on 03-12-2020, Aditya Narayan married Shweta Agarwal on 01-12-2020, Faraaz Khan actor died at 46 on 04-11-2020, Amrits Rao & RJ Anmol welcomed their 1st child on 01-11-2020, Sean Connery (James Bond) died on 31-10-2020, Kajal Aggarwal married Gautam Kitchlu on 30-10-2020, Actor Karthi blessed with a Son on 21/10/2020, Neha Kakkar & singer Rohanpreet Singh is Going to Marry, Maryam Nawaz Claims Husband's Arrest Was to Divide Anti Govt. Most early Tamil literary works are in verse form, with prose not becoming more common until later periods. Explore 16 national, regional and local dishes and products of Tamil Nadu. Nawabs of the Carnatic bestowed tax revenue collection rights on the East India Company for defeating the Kingdom of Mysore. Veeran Sundaralingam (1700–1800) was the General of Kattabomman Nayakan's palayam, who died in the process of blowing up a British ammunition dump in 1799 which killed more than 150 British soldiers to save Kattapomman Palace. At its peak, the empire spanned almost 3,600,000 km2 (1,400,000 sq mi). For Bulk Orders & Business Inquiries: nsconnect@nativespecial.com +918098619006 (24x7) For Queries Regarding Online Orders: customercare@nativespecial.com When it comes to yarn production, the State contributes 40 per cent of the total production in the country. Sugar cane 4. Chennai International Airport is a major international airport and aviation hub in South Asia. Now the Chola Empire stretched as far as Bengal and Sri Lanka. 300 BCE – 300 CE. The state accounted for 13.6 per cent of all accidents in the country with 66,238 accidents in 2013, 11.3 per cent of all road accident deaths and 15 per cent of all road-related injuries, according to data provided by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. 2. [129] The first talkie was a multi-lingual film, Kalidas, which released on 31 October 1931, barely seven months after India's first talking picture Alam Ara. Protected areas provide safe habitat for large mammals including elephants, tigers, leopards, wild dogs, sloth bears, gaurs, lion-tailed macaques, Nilgiri langurs, Nilgiri tahrs, grizzled giant squirrels and sambar deer, resident and migratory birds such as cormorants, darters, herons, egrets, open-billed storks, spoonbills and white ibises, little grebes, Indian moorhen, black-winged stilts, a few migratory ducks and occasionally grey pelicans, marine species such as the dugongs, turtles, dolphins, Balanoglossus and a wide variety of fish and insects. [168][citation needed]. The fall of the Vijayanagara empire and the Chandragiri Nayakas gave the sultanate of Golconda a chance to expand into the Tamil heartland. The first generator was commissioned in July 1979. Among other dishes, parottas, especially the kothu parotta, fish curry and their rice varieties are famous. [198] Tamil Nadu ranks first nationwide in diesel-based thermal electricity generation with a national market share of over 34 per cent. Failure of the summer monsoons and administrative shortcomings of the Ryotwari system resulted in two severe famines in the Madras Presidency, the Great Famine of 1876–78 and the Indian famine of 1896–97. Traditional Tamil grammar consists of five parts, namely eḻuttu, sol, poruḷ, yāppu, aṇi. Meanwhile, to the south, the fall of the Thanjavur Nayaks led to a short-lived Thanjavur Maratha kingdom. The state had come under the president's rule on four occasions – first from 1976 to 1977, next for a short period in 1980, then from 1988 to 1989 and the latest in 1991. Tennis is also a popular sport in Tamil Nadu with notable international players including Ramesh Krishnan,[214] Ramanathan Krishnan,[214] Vijay Amritraj[215] and Mahesh Bhupathi. [112] The available literature from this period was categorised and compiled in the 10th century into two categories based roughly on chronology. Tamil cuisine is also heavily influenced by its various rulers and foreign inspirations. [91], Distribution of languages in Tamil Nadu[4], Tamil is the sole official language of Tamil Nadu while English is declared an additional official language for communication purposes. The different crafts of Tamil Nadu add elegance and splendor to lifestyles of People in Tamil Nadu and all over the world. [36] The Nayaks of Madurai and Nayaks of Thanjavur were the most prominent Nayaks of the 17th century. The governor is the constitutional head of the state while the Chief Minister is the head of the government and the head of the council of ministers. In terms of modern cine-music, Ilaiyaraaja was a prominent composer of film music in Tamil cinema during the late 1970s and 1980s. It is … [217] The SDAT owns and operates world-class stadiums and organises sporting events. Tamil Nadu is also the home of the double Oscar winner A. R. Rahman[122][123][124] who has composed film music in Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, English and Chinese films. Karnataka has highest number of GI tags in India. He was once referred to by Time magazine as "The Mozart of Madras". Rice varieties (non basmati) 2. [46] He was captured by the British at the end of the war and hanged near Kayattar in 1799. Famous & Local Food of Tamil Nadu The food of Tamil Nadu is rich in both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food. Indus valley script between 2000 and 1500 BCE, Power struggles of the 18th century (1688–1802), Princely state of Pudukkottai (1680–1948 CE), Vellore Mutiny and Indian Rebellion (1801–1947 CE), K.A.N. [82][81], The state has 51,837,507 literates, making the literacy rate 80.33 per cent. Vettuvan Koil, the unfinished temple is believed to have been built during the 8th century by Pandyas in Kalugumalai, a panchayat town in Thoothukudi district. Eid ul-Fitr, Bakrid, Milad un Nabi, Muharram are celebrated by Muslims whereas Christmas, Good Friday, Easter are celebrated by Christians in the state. Cities and towns are administered by Municipal corporations and Municipalities respectively. India Company consolidated most of these festivals are related to the mainland is an Indian Singer... True home of Indian vegetarianism, is recognised as the `` Manchester of South. [ 183 ] installed of. 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